Copy and paste the link below for the paper on “Fast and Accurate Deposit Internal Stress Determination” by Berl Stein.
Visit: http://www.nicoform.com/docs/FastandAccurateTalk.pdf
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Copy and paste the link below for the paper on “Comparative Study of Three Internal Stress Measurement Methods” by Berl Stein
Visit: http://www.nicoform.com/docs/StressTalk97SanDieg.pdf
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Copy and past the link below for the paper on “A Practical Guide to Understanding, Measuring and Controlling Stress in Electroformed Metals” by Berl Stein
Visit: http://www.nicoform.com/docs/APracticalGuide.pdf
Copy and paste the link below for information the paper on “Creating and Electroforming Process” by Berl Stein
Visit: http://www.nicoform.com/files/upload/upload/107/Creating_an_Electroforming_Process.pdf
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Copy and past the link below for:
U . S. Department of Commerce National Bureau of Standards
Research Paper RPl953 Volume 42, February 1949
Part of the Journal of Research of the Nationa l Bureau of Standards
A Spiral Contractometer for Measuring Stress In Electrodeposits
By Abner Brenner and Seymour Senderoff
Visit: https://nvlpubs.nist.gov/nistpubs/jres/42/jresv42n2p89_A1b.pdf
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This paper reviews test methods, procedures and formulas used to determine the internal stress in applied metallic coatings.
Please note this was written prior to Nov. 2015.  Since then our formulas were adjusted due to the  ASTM standard.  Do not use this paper for current formulas.  To read click on the link below: